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康奈尔大学-中国农业大学联合英文国际课程《农业、食物与环境》开放讲座(一)
OPEN SESSION of the Cornell - CAU Joint Course
Agriculture, Food and the Environment
No.1, 2021

发布时间:2021/10/11  点击量:



主  题


从减贫到乡村振兴:以小农为基础的村庄发展实践

TOPIC

From Poverty Alleviation to Rural Vitalization: a case of small-farm household-based village development

主讲人

叶敬忠,中国农业大学人文与发展学院教授、院长

SPEAKER

Professor and Dean of College of Humanities and Development Studies, China Agricultural University


  语  言:英文

  时  间:2021年10月13日(星期三)20:00-21:40,北京时间

  地  点:中国农业大学西校区 人文与发展学院CIAD报告厅

  Zoom:874 9024 0513

  密 码:123456

  联系人:张森,邮箱:zhangsen19950907@163.com


  LANGUAGE: English

  TIME: Beijing 20:00-21:40, Wednesday, October 13, 2021

  VENUE: The Auditorium at CIAD, China Agricultural University (West Campus)

  Zoom ID: 874 9024 0513

  Password: 123456

  CONTACT:Zhang Sen, email: zhangsen19950907@163.com


摘要

以市场为导向的产业扶贫方式在我国的精准扶贫工作中发挥了重要作用,但它很难全面覆盖深度贫困的小农户,也面临很多挑战。因此,需要探索和创新适合贫困小农户的多种生产扶贫方式。一项在河北省太行山区村庄开展8年的扶贫行动表明,“巢状市场小农扶贫”以“贫困小农户现在有什么”的生计资源为出发点,以健康农产品和地方特色食物产品的小农式生产为“产业”,以城市普通消费者对健康食物的需求为对接出口,以“巢状市场”为交易和互动的组织形式,通过农村贫困人口和城市人口的相互信任和共同参与,成功地将生计资源和社会资本转化为贫困人口的收入,实现精准、稳定和可持续的脱贫结果,彰显创新、协调、绿色和共享的发展理念。

Abstract

Market-oriented industry-type poverty alleviation has played an important role in targeted poverty alleviation in China, but this approach has had difficulty in obtaining comprehensive coverage of extremely poor small-farm households and faces many challenges. We therefore need to explore and innovate a variety of ways of alleviating poverty among poor small-farm households. A project for “poverty alleviation through nested market small-farm production” has been running for eight years in the villages of Taihang Mountains, Hebei Province. It started from the livelihood resources already possessed by small-farm households, then converted farm production of healthy agricultural products and local specialties into an “industry” that took ordinary urban consumers’ demand for healthy foods as the corresponding exit point and nested markets as the organizational form of transaction and interaction. The trial shows that mutual trust and participation between the rural poor and the urban population has successfully transformed poor households’ livelihood resources and social capital into income, achieving accurate, stable and sustainable poverty alleviation and highlighting the concepts of innovation, coordination, as well as green and shared development.



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